2001 Jordan Institute
6, No. 1
For TPR In North Carolina
abuse/neglect with little improvement in the parent's ability to
care for the child and the probability of a repetition of abuse/neglect
if the child is returned home.
Willfully leaving a child in foster
care for more than 12 months without the parents making "reasonable
progress under the circumstances" to correct conditions that
led to the removal of the child.
Failure of a parent for a continuous
period of six months immediately prior to filing of TPR petition to
pay a reasonable portion of the cost of foster care although physically
and financially able to do so.
Failure of a father of a child born
out of wedlock prior to filing of TPR petition to (1) establish paternity,
(2) legitimate the child, (3) marry the mother of the child or (4)
provide substantial financial support or consistent care for mother
Inability of a parent as a result
of mental retardation, mental illness, organic brain syndrome, or
substance abuse to provide proper care and supervision for a child
and a reasonable probability that this inability will continue
for the foreseeable future.
Willful abandonment of a child
by a parent for at least 6 consecutive months.
The parent has murdered, attempted
or conspired to murder, or committed a felony assault that results
in serious bodily injury on another child of the parent or other child
residing in the home.
rights of a parent to another child have been terminated by a court
and the parent lacks the ability or willingness to establish a safe
Once grounds for termination
exist, court must still find that termination is in the child's
Parental love alone does
not preclude a finding of best interest. Child's best interest prevails
over parent's desire to retain relationship.
Does either parent have a substantial
relationship with the child? Could the family make enough progress
in the near future so that the child could be returned home?
Is placement with relatives an
appropriate alternative permanent plan for the child?
- What is the adoption plan?
Source: Malpass, J. &
Thompson, J. (2000). Case building toward permanence: A curriculum for
child welfare social workers. Raleigh, NC: NC Division of Social Services.
© 2001 Jordan
Institute for Families